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Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (April 9, 2019)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 1,040 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 322 people (97 women and 164 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 718 people (215 women and 366 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 182,710 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:

64,984 refugees have left Lebanon (19,639 women and 33,062 children), with 38,673 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 19,277 via Talkalakh;

117,726 people (35,344 women and 60,028 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6,696,131 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,000,839 women and 3,415,027 children among them.

45 Russian embassies in foreign countries, where the Syrian refugees, and thirty countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Iraq, Egypt, the Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland Malta, Poland, Bosnia
and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the quantitative data on the location
in these states the Syrian citizens.

At present there are 6,366,583 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey – 3,646,889, Lebanon – 946,291, Jordan – 670,238, Germany – 534,011, Egypt – 132,165, Iraq – 253,085, Netherlands – 74,998, Austria – 42,505, Denmark – 17,995, Greece – 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland – 1,069, Argentina – 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 411,990 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (123,641 women, 210,012 children).

Eleven CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

three in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Dukhur, al-Salhiyah, Jleb);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 47 Syrians returned back to:

Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 32 people (13 women and 11 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 141,462 people (42,786 women, 69,968 children);

13 people (women - 2, children - 9) and four vehicles returned to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor province through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah. Since August 25, 2018, in total, 40,692 people (women – 14,013 children 18 578), 2,357 vehicles and 2,299 heads of cattle.

two people (one child), one vehicle and two heads of cattle returned to the places of permanent residence through the Jeleb checkpoint. Since February 19, 2019, in total, 3,501 people (women – 962, children - 1,889), 344 vehicles and 3,527 heads of cattle.

Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,285,639 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (388,245 women, 651,068 children). Since January 1, 2019, 17,043 IDPs (5,686 women, 7,302 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

During the day, restored seven residential houses (al-Said (Homs province) - three, Gysin (Hama province) - four), a school in Hazzeh (province of Damascus) and the water pump station in the Garifa (al-Suwayda province).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Kafer al-Tun (Hama province) and Ayash (Deir ez-Zor province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Kafer al-Tun – two excavators, three dump trucks, 22 windows, 12 cu m of brick, 11 cu m of cement, 12 tons of building bars, 160kg of lime and filling, 720m of water pipes, 820m of electric cables and to overhaul eight houses and water pump station;

Ayash – a dump truck, a wheeled crane, 13 windows, 8 cu m of brick, 7 cu m of cement, 6 tons of building bars, 670kg of lime and filling, 980m of water pipes, 790m of electric cables, to overhaul six houses and
a bakery.

Heads of local administrations prepared applications  to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure. 

Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

842 medical (one over the past day) and 153 educational organizations have been recovered;

five road bridges and 1,029,7 km of roads were recovered (0.7km - over the past day);

950.6km of power line have been installed (0.5 km - over the past day);

624 power substations, 136 water supply facilities (one over the past day), 176 bakeries, 14,263 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.

Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,363 houses, 213 schools, 170 kindergartens, 199 bakeries, 246 water pump stations, 205 power substations, 203 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.

Humanitarian Assistance

No humanitarian actions were held over the past day.

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  2,094 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,329.45 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

In total, 104,907 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Eyn-Zat, Talbiseh (Homs province), Jasim, al-Khara, Kafr-Shams, Inkhil (al-Quneitra province), Douma (Damascus province).

2.8 ha of the territory. They found and defused 35 explosive devices,

In total: 2,033.4ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 20,056 explosive devices including 5,414 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted assistance to the population, the return of residents to their homes.

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.

Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held three working meetings:

in Khatlah (Deir ez-Zor province) with the Head of local administration to discuss infrastructure rehabilitation;

in Aleppo, with the head of the security committee on military-political and socio-economic situation in the city;

in Damascus with Local Administration to discuss humanitarian assistance provided for refugees;

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