Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (February 9, 2019)
Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, in total 1,053 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 207 people (95 women and 161 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 846 people (251 women and 427 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.
Since July 18, 2018, in total 128,516 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:
52,787 refugees have left Lebanon (15,964 women and 26,840 children), with 31,369 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 14,384 via Talkalakh;
75,729 people (22,745 women and 38,606 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.
According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6,675,308 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,002,592 women and 3,404,407 children among them.
In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.
At present there are 6,345,760 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,622,366, Lebanon - 948,849, Jordan - 671,551, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,553, Iraq - 252,772, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).
It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).
Since September 30, 2015, in total 357,796 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (107,367 women, 182,368 children).
Ten CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:
five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
two in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Duhur and al-Salhiyah);
one CP at Damascus international airport;
one CP at Baniyas sea port.
The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.
It is reported that 32 Syrians returned back to:
Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 30 people (10 women and 11 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 139,310 people (41,979 women, 69,153 children);
no people returned back to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor, Damascus and Homs provinces through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah.
Since August 25, 2018, in total, 37,778 people (women – 12,836 children 17,527), 2,167 vehicles and 2,260 heads of cattle.
Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone.
Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.
Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,276,612 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (385,299 women, 647,313 children). Since January 1, 2019, 8,016 IDPs (2,740 women, 3,547 children).
Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees
There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.
Over the past day: Six buildings were recovered over the past day (Buraika - one, al-Quneitra province, Madhir - two, Raqqa province, Rasm al-Ahmar - two, Hama province, Zabadani - one, Damascus province) as well as a kindergarten in al-Teyha (Daraa province) and a bakery in Qrea (al-Suwayda province).
They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province) and Hazzeh (Damascus province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:
al-Salhiyah - a wheeled crane, 19 duraliminim windows, 7 cu m of cement, 8 cu m of lumber, 13 floor slabs, 1,160m of electric cables to restore two houses and one medical centre.
Hazzeh – dump truck, and excavator, 27 duraliminim windows, 15 cu m of cement, 9 cu m of lumber, 350kg of lime and filling, 1,200m of water tubes, 1,850m of electric cables, to overhaul five houses and a power substation.
Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.
Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:
136 medical and 810 educational organizations (one over the past day) have been recovered;
five road bridges and 998 km of roads were recovered (1 km - over the past day);
918 km of power line have been installed (1 km - over the past day);
588 power substations, 126 water supply facilities, 152 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,256 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.
Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,236 houses, 210 schools, 178 kindergartens, 194 medical centres, 190 bakeries, 208 water pump stations, 237 power substations, and 93 places of worship.
In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,058 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,251.52 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.
No medical assistance was provided over the past day.
In total, 104,713 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.
The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba, Oufaniya, Shaqatiyah (al-Quneitra province), al-Zelaf, al-Othmaniyah (Damascus province).
3,2 ha of the territory. They found and defused 15 explosive devices.
In total: 1,881.9ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 18,456 explosive devices including 5,414 improvised explosive devices.
Arrangements for Refugee Reception
The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing. Efforts taken by the Syrian Arab Republic activate repatriation of refugees and internally displaced persons.
National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.
The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.
Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held no working meetings.