Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (February 8, 2019)
Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, in total 1,248 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 342 people (103 women and 175 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 906 people (272 women and 462 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.
Since July 18, 2018, in total 127,463 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:
52,580 refugees have left Lebanon (15,902 women and 26,735 children), with 31,245 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 14,301 via Talkalakh;
74,883 people (22,491 women and 38,175 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.
According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6,675,308 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,002,592 women and 3,404,407 children among them.
In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.
At present there are 6,345,760 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,622,366, Lebanon - 948,849, Jordan - 671,551, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,553, Iraq - 252,772, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).
It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30).
Since September 30, 2015, in total 356,743 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (107,051 women, 181,832 children).
Ten CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:
five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
two in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Duhur and al-Salhiyah);
one CP at Damascus international airport;
one CP at Baniyas sea port.
The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.
It is reported that 66 Syrians returned back to:
Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 66 people (20 women and 35 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 139,278 people (41,969 women, 69,142 children);
no people returned back to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor, Damascus and Homs provinces through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah.
Since August 25, 2018, in total, 37,778 people (women – 12,836 children 17,527), 2,167 vehicles and 2,260 heads of cattle.
Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone.
Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.
Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,276,580 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (385,289 women, 647,302 children). Since January 1, 2019, 7,984 IDPs (2,730 women, 3,536 children).
Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees
There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.
Over the past day: Seven buildings were recovered over the past day (Rikamah (Homs province) - two, Atil (al-Suwayda province) - one, Abdin (al-Quneitra province) - two, Izra (Daraa province) - two), a water pump station Marrat (Deir ez-Zor province) as well as a bakery in Douma (Damascus province).
The administration of Damascus province allocated 1 mln US dollars for rehabilitation of infrastructure in Buken, Madaya and Zabadani.
In Deir ez-Zor, they began to restore the south-eastern part of al-Amal (cleaning streets and rehabilitation of roads, 50 thousand US dollars were allocated for this work).
They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Zugba and Sabura (Hama province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:
Zugba – a dump truck, a wheeled crane, 45 windows, 20 cu m of brick, 20 cu m of cement, 1,650kg of lime and filling, 1,400m of water pipes, 2,200m of electric cables and 26 tons of building bars to overhaul five houses, a medical centre and a bakery.
Sabura – a dump truck, a mobile drilling unit, 18 windows, 10 cu m of brick, 9 cu m of cement, 10 tons of building bars, 750kg of lime and filling, 2,900m of water pipes, 550m of electric cables, to overhaul six houses and two water wells.
Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to receive construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.
Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:
136 medical and 809 educational organizations have been recovered;
five road bridges and 997 km of roads were recovered (1 km - over the past day);
917km of power line have been installed (1 km - over the past day);
588 power substations, 126 water supply facilities (one over the past day), 151 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,256 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.
Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,235 houses, 210 schools, 179 kindergartens, 193 medical centres, 191 bakeries, 207 power substations, 235 water pump stations, and 93 places of worship.
Besides, the Kadyrov Regional Public Fund has held two humanitarian actions:
Families of Syrian fallen servicemen in Aleppo received 15 food sets with the total weight 225 kg;
people in Douma, Damascus province, received 200 sets of blakets and 100 sets of women clothing.
In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,058 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,251.52 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.
In total, 104,713 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.
The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), al-Zelaf (Damascus province).
2,6 ha of the territory. They found and defused 21 explosive devices.
In total: 1,878.7ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 273.4km of roads. They found and defused 18,441 explosive devices including 5,414 improvised explosive devices.
Arrangements for Refugee Reception
The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing. Efforts taken by the Syrian Arab Republic activate repatriation of refugees and internally displaced persons.
National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.
The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.
Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides held four working meetings:
in Hatlah (Deir ez-Zor province) with representatives of reconciliation committee to discuss amnesty for members of illegal armed groups.
with the Head of Aleppo city Security Committee on discuss reduction of crime in the city;
with Mayor Aleppo to discuss rehabilitation social infrastructure;
in Homs with the Head of electricity supply on the restoration of uninterrupted power supply of the city districts.